PARLIAMENT of CANADA

PARLINFO

Federal government Section
Members of the Cabinet, Parliamentary Secretaries and Opposition Party Critics

The Cabinet consists of the Prime Minister and Ministers who have been appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister.  Virtually all members of Cabinet are Members of the House of Commons, with one or two Senators also appointed.  The Cabinet is the head of the executive branch of government, although its role in theory is to formally advise the Governor General. Individual Cabinet Ministers are responsible for a government department or portfolio, but collectively the Cabinet makes decisions on behalf of the Government, decides what legislation to introduce,  and is responsible to Parliament for the conduct of the government. The members of the Cabinet remain in office until they resign or successors are appointed. Traditionally, Prime Ministers have tried to ensure that the cabinet reflects the different regions and diverse composition of the Canadian population. 

 

A Parliamentary Secretary is appointed by the Prime Minister to assist a cabinet Minister, or, in some cases, to assist several cabinet Ministers or the Prime Minister.  A Parliamentary Secretary works under the direction of the Minister, and has parliamentary and departmental duties. A Parliamentary Secretary functions as a liaison between the Minister and Parliament and the government caucus. He or she plays a key role on parliamentary committees that are responsible for the issues relating to the department. The Parliamentary Secretary may table documents in the House of Commons or answer questions on behalf of the Minister, but may not present Government Bills. On occasion, a Parliamentary Secretary may represent the Minister at public functions, and may be given policy-related duties, although the Minister retains ultimate responsibility. 

 

An Opposition Critic is an opposition party member who is given responsibility for scrutinizing and critiquing the administration and policies of a particular department or portfolio. An opposition critic is the chief spokesperson and advocate for the policy area to which he or she is assigned in the House of Commons, in its committees, and in the media. An opposition critic will also help develop his or her party’s position and policies in the area. Collectively, a party's opposition critics are sometimes said to form a shadow Cabinet.

 
Area of ResponsibilityDepartmentMembers of the Cabinet, Parliamentary Secretaries and Opposition Party Critics
Aboriginal Affairs Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada Minister: Bennett, Carolyn
  • Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Access to Information Treasury Board Minister: Brison, Scott
  • President of the Treasury Board

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Agriculture and Agri-Food Agriculture and Agri-Food Minister: MacAulay, Lawrence
  • Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Asia-Pacific Gateway Transport Minister: Garneau, Marc
  • Minister of Transport

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Budgetary Estimates Finance Minister: Morneau, William Francis
  • Minister of Finance

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Canada Post Corporation Public Services and Procurement Canada Minister: Foote, Judy
  • Minister of Public Services and Procurement

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Canada-U.S. Relations Global Affairs Canada Minister: Dion, Stéphane
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Canadian Coast Guard Fisheries and Oceans Minister: LeBlanc, Dominic
  • Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
  • Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Canadian Heritage Canadian Heritage Minister: Joly, Mélanie
  • Minister of Canadian Heritage

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Children Employment and Social Development Minister: Duclos, Jean-Yves
  • Minister of Families, Children and Social Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Citizenship and Immigration Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada Minister: McCallum, John
  • Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Climate Change Environment and Climate Change Canada Minister: McKenna, Catherine Mary
  • Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Democratic Institutions Privy Council Office Minister: Monsef, Maryam
  • Minister of Democratic Institutions
  • President of the Queen's Privy Council

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Democratic Reform Privy Council Office Minister: Monsef, Maryam
  • Minister of Democratic Institutions
  • President of the Queen's Privy Council

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Economic Development Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Economic Development - Ontario, Northern Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Economic Development - Quebec Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Employment Employment, Workforce Development and Labour Minister: Mihychuk, MaryAnn
  • Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Employment and Social Development Employment and Social Development Minister: Duclos, Jean-Yves
  • Minister of Families, Children and Social Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Employment Insurance Employment, Workforce Development and Labour Minister: Mihychuk, MaryAnn
  • Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Energy Natural Resources Minister: Carr, James Gordon
  • Minister of Natural Resources

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Environment Environment and Climate Change Canada Minister: McKenna, Catherine Mary
  • Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Ethics Treasury Board Minister: Brison, Scott
  • President of the Treasury Board

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Family Issues Employment and Social Development Minister: Duclos, Jean-Yves
  • Minister of Families, Children and Social Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Federal Development for Southern Ontario Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontario Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Finance Finance Minister: Morneau, William Francis
  • Minister of Finance

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Fisheries and Oceans Fisheries and Oceans Minister: LeBlanc, Dominic
  • Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
  • Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Foreign Affairs Global Affairs Canada Minister: Dion, Stéphane
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Francophonie International Development Minister: Bibeau, Marie-Claude
  • Minister of International Development and La Francophonie

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Issues Justice Minister: Wilson-Raybould, Jody
  • Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Government Operations Public Services and Procurement Canada Minister: Foote, Judy
  • Minister of Public Services and Procurement

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Health Health Minister: Philpott, Jane
  • Minister of Health

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Heritage Canadian Heritage Minister: Joly, Mélanie
  • Minister of Canadian Heritage

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Housing Employment and Social Development Minister: Duclos, Jean-Yves
  • Minister of Families, Children and Social Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Human Resources and Skills Development Employment, Workforce Development and Labour Minister: Mihychuk, MaryAnn
  • Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Human Rights Justice Minister: Wilson-Raybould, Jody
  • Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Immigration Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada Minister: McCallum, John
  • Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Indian Affairs and Northern Development Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada Minister: Bennett, Carolyn
  • Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Indigenous and Northern Affairs Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada Minister: Bennett, Carolyn
  • Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Industry Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Infrastructure and Communities Infrastructure and Communities Minister: Sohi, Amarjeet
  • Minister of Infrastructure and Communities

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Innovation Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Intergovernmental Affairs Prime Minister of Canada Minister: Trudeau, Justin
  • Prime Minister

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
International Development International Development Minister: Bibeau, Marie-Claude
  • Minister of International Development and La Francophonie

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
International Trade International Trade Minister: Freeland, Chrystia
  • Minister of International Trade

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Interprovincial Trade Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Justice Justice Minister: Wilson-Raybould, Jody
  • Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Labour Employment, Workforce Development and Labour Minister: Mihychuk, MaryAnn
  • Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Leader of the Government in the House of Commons Leader of the Government in the House of Commons Minister: LeBlanc, Dominic
  • Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
  • Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Leader of the Government in the Senate Leader of the Government in the Senate Minister: Harder, Peter
  • Government Representative in the Senate
  • Leader of the Government in the Senate
Multiculturalism Canadian Heritage Minister: Joly, Mélanie
  • Minister of Canadian Heritage

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
National Capital Commission Canadian Heritage Minister: Joly, Mélanie
  • Minister of Canadian Heritage

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
National Defence National Defence Minister: Sajjan, Harjit Singh
  • Minister of National Defence

Associate Minister: Hehr, Kent
  • Associate Minister of National Defence
  • Minister of Veterans Affairs

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
National Historic Sites Environment and Climate Change Canada Minister: McKenna, Catherine Mary
  • Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
National Parks Environment and Climate Change Canada Minister: McKenna, Catherine Mary
  • Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
National Revenue National Revenue Minister: Lebouthillier, Diane
  • Minister of National Revenue

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Natural Resources Natural Resources Minister: Carr, James Gordon
  • Minister of Natural Resources

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
New Sharing Economy Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Newborn and Child Health Health Minister: Philpott, Jane
  • Minister of Health

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Northern Affairs Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada Minister: Bennett, Carolyn
  • Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Official Languages Canadian Heritage Minister: Joly, Mélanie
  • Minister of Canadian Heritage

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Parliamentary Affairs Leader of the Government in the House of Commons Minister: LeBlanc, Dominic
  • Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
  • Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard

Parliamentary Secretary:
Pensions Employment and Social Development Minister: Duclos, Jean-Yves
  • Minister of Families, Children and Social Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Persons with Disabilities Sports and Persons with Disabilities Minister: Qualtrough, Carla
  • Minister of Sport and Persons with Disabilities

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Pipelines Natural Resources Minister: Carr, James Gordon
  • Minister of Natural Resources

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Post Secondary Education Employment and Social Development Minister: Duclos, Jean-Yves
  • Minister of Families, Children and Social Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Prime Minister Prime Minister of Canada Minister: Trudeau, Justin
  • Prime Minister

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Privy Council Privy Council Office Minister: Monsef, Maryam
  • Minister of Democratic Institutions
  • President of the Queen's Privy Council

Parliamentary Secretary:
Public Accounts Treasury Board Minister: Brison, Scott
  • President of the Treasury Board

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Public Safety Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Minister: Goodale, Ralph
  • Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Minister: Goodale, Ralph
  • Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Public Service Public Services and Procurement Canada Minister: Foote, Judy
  • Minister of Public Services and Procurement

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Public Works and Government Services Public Services and Procurement Canada Minister: Foote, Judy
  • Minister of Public Services and Procurement

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Quebec Region Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development
Refugees Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada Minister: McCallum, John
  • Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Religious Freedom Global Affairs Canada Minister: Dion, Stéphane
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Rural Affairs Agriculture and Agri-Food Minister: MacAulay, Lawrence
  • Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Science Science Minister: Duncan, Kirsty
  • Minister of Science

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Seniors Employment, Workforce Development and Labour Minister: Mihychuk, MaryAnn
  • Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Small Business Small Business and Tourism Minister: Chagger, Bardish
  • Minister of Small Business and Tourism

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Social Development Employment and Social Development Minister: Duclos, Jean-Yves
  • Minister of Families, Children and Social Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Sports Sports and Persons with Disabilities Minister: Qualtrough, Carla
  • Minister of Sport and Persons with Disabilities

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Status of Women Status of Women Minister: Hajdu, Patricia
  • Minister of Status of Women

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Sustainable Development Environment and Climate Change Canada Minister: McKenna, Catherine Mary
  • Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Toronto Waterfront Infrastructure and Communities Minister: Sohi, Amarjeet
  • Minister of Infrastructure and Communities

Parliamentary Secretary:
Tourism Small Business and Tourism Minister: Chagger, Bardish
  • Minister of Small Business and Tourism

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Transport Transport Minister: Garneau, Marc
  • Minister of Transport

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Treasury Board Treasury Board Minister: Brison, Scott
  • President of the Treasury Board

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Urban Affairs Transport Minister: Garneau, Marc
  • Minister of Transport

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Veterans Affairs Veterans Affairs Minister: Hehr, Kent
  • Associate Minister of National Defence
  • Minister of Veterans Affairs

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Western Economic Diversification Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Western Economic Diversification Western Economic Diversification Minister: Bains, Navdeep Singh
  • Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Wildlife Conservation Environment and Climate Change Canada Minister: McKenna, Catherine Mary
  • Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Workforce Employment, Workforce Development and Labour Minister: Mihychuk, MaryAnn
  • Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
Assistant / Associate Critic:
Youth Prime Minister of Canada Minister: Trudeau, Justin
  • Prime Minister

Parliamentary Secretary:
Critic:
^

Updated on: 2016.07.18

Revised on: 2016.07.19

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